Rochester, Minnesota - The October issue of Mayo Clinic Health Letter provides an overview of the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX), a simple questionnaire to estimate the risk of bone fracture over the next 10 years.

Scottsdale, Arizona - Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves chronic inflammation of all or part of your digestive tract. IBD primarily includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Both usually involve severe diarrhea, pain, fatigue and weight loss. IBD can be debilitating and sometimes leads to life-threatening complications.

Scottsdale, Arizona - Dilated cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle, usually starting in your heart's main pumping chamber (left ventricle). The ventricle stretches and thins (dilates) and can't pump blood as well as a healthy heart can. The term "cardiomyopathy" is a general term that refers to the abnormality of the heart muscle itself.

Scottsdale, Arizona - Breast implants, either saline or silicone, can obscure mammogram images, decreasing the ability of mammograms to reveal breast cancer. Still, studies show that mammograms are an effective way to screen for breast cancer in women with breast implants.

Washington, DC - Wide-ranging National Institutes of Health grants announced today will develop new strategies to analyze and leverage the explosion of increasingly complex biomedical data sets, often referred to as Big Data. These NIH multi-institute awards constitute an initial investment of nearly $32 million in fiscal year 2014 by NIH’s Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K) initiative, which is projected to have a total investment of nearly $656 million through 2020, pending available funds.

Las Vegas, Nevada (NAPSI) - While being diagnosed with cancer can make you feel vulnerable, surviving cancer can make you feel invincible. So says Melanie Young, host of the weekly radio show “Fearless Fabulous You” on W4WN, in her book “Getting Things Off My Chest: A Survivor’s Guide to Staying Fearless and Fabulous in the Face of Breast Cancer.”

Rochester, Minnesota - When measuring blood pressure, both numbers are important to your overall health. If your systolic blood pressure is high, even if your diastolic number is normal, it could raise your risk for a variety of health concerns. The situation does need to be addressed. Blood pressure medication can be helpful. In some cases, though, lifestyle changes may be the only treatment necessary to lower systolic blood pressure to a healthier level.

Las Vegas, Nevada (NAPSI) - My colleagues and I recently published results of the largest study of its kind on 3D mammograms, and the outcome is big news for women: This new screening method finds 41 percent more invasive cancers than traditional mammograms and decreases the likelihood of false alarms. This can help save women’s lives, since 3D mammograms help doctors find breast cancer early, when it’s most treatable.

Rochester, Minnesota - Research has proven mammograms can detect breast cancer early, when it’s still curable, but they aren't perfect tests.  For instance, some women who have mammograms are called back for additional testing because the images aren’t completely clear, especially in dense breast tissue. Ongoing research is discovering a variety of other tools for detection and one new technology, called tomosynthesis, is helping doctors see more clearly into breast tissue.

Las Vegas, Nevada (NAPSI) - As anyone who has or is caring for a loved one with a serious illness knows, managing care and treatment can be a round-the-clock effort that can put enormous strain on both the patient and the family. A specialized type of medical care called palliative care can help people living with a serious illness by alleviating pain, other symptoms and stress at the same time they are receiving treatment for their underlying disease.